12 Tenses

12 tenses

 

Past simple

What happened

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นในอดีต

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + verb 2 + (time)

 I + ate + yesterday                              

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + didn’t + verb 1 + (time)

 I + didn’t + eat + yesterday

 

 

Question

Did + Sub + verb 1 + (time) + ?

 Did + you + eat + yesterday?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + did

 Yes + I + did

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + didn’t

 No + I + didn’t

 

Past perfect simple

What finished before what/when

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นก่อนอะไร/เมื่อไหร่

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + had + verb 3 + before + Sub + verb 2

 I + had + eaten + before + I + played a game

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + hadn’t + verb 3 + before + Sub + verb 2

 I + hadn’t + eaten + before + I + played a game

 

 

Question

Had + Sub + verb 3 + before + Sub + verb 2 + ?

 Had + you + eaten + before + you + played a game?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + had

 Yes + I + had

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + hadn’t

 No + I + hadn’t

 

Past continuous

What when

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นเมื่อไหร่  (เน้นว่า เมื่อไหร่ที่อะไรเกิดขึ้น)

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + was/were + verb 1-ing + when + Sub + verb 2

 I + was + eating + when + a dog + barked

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + wasn’t/weren’t + verb 1-ing + when + Sub + verb 2

 I + wasn’t + eating + when + a dog + barked

 

 

Question

Was/Were + Sub + verb 1-ing + when + Sub + verb 2 + ?

 Were + you + eating + when + a dog + barked?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + was/were

 Yes + I + was

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + wasn’t/weren’t

 No + I + wasn’t

 

Past perfect continuous

What how long before what/when

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นมานานเท่าไหร่ก่อนอะไร/เมื่อไหร่

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + had + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + before + Sub + verb 2

 I + had + been + eating + for + 10 minutes + before + you + called me

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + hadn’t+ been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + before + Sub + verb 2

 I + hadn’t + been + eating + for + 10 minutes + before + you + called me

 

 

Question

Had + Sub + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + before + Sub + verb 2 + ?

 Had + you + been + eating + for + 10 minutes + before + I + called you?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + had + been

 Yes + I + had + been

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + hadn’t + been

 No + I + hadn’t + been

 

Present simple

What happens regularly / What is fact or truth

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นเป็นประจำ / อะไรที่เป็นข้อเท็จจริงหรือเป็นความจริง

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + verb 1 + (time) ———- He / She / It + verb1(s) + (time)

 I + swim + every day ———- He + swims + every day

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + don’t/doesn’t + verb 1 + (time)

 I + don’t + swim + every day

 

 

Question

Do/Does + Sub + verb 1 + (time) + ?

 Do + you + swim + every day?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub +do/does

 Yes + I + do

 

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + don’t/doesn’t

 No + I + don’t

 

Present perfect simple

What finished in the present

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นมาและจบในปัจจุบัน

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + have/has + verb 3

 I + have + eaten

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + haven’t/hasn’t + verb 3

 I + haven’t + eaten

 

 

Question

Have/has + Sub + verb + ?

 Have + you + eaten + ?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + have/has

 Yes + I + have

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + haven’t/hasn’t

 No + I + haven’t

 

Present continuous

What now / future

 อะไรกำลังเกิดขึ้นอยู่ในปัจจุบัน หรือ อะไรจะเกิดขึ้นในอนาคต

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + am/are/is + verb 1-ing

 I + am + eating

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + am not/aren’t/isn’t + verb 1-ing

 I + am not + eating

 

 

Question

Am/Are/Is + Sub + verb 1-ing + ?

 Are + you + eating?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + am/are/is

 Yes + I + am

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + am not / aren’t / isn’t

 No + I + am not

 

Present perfect continuous

What how long until present

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นมานานเท่าไหร่ถึงปัจจุบันนี้

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + have/has + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long)

 I + have + been + eating + for + 2 hours

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + haven’t/hasn’t + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long)

 I + haven’t + been + eating + for + 2 hours

 

 

Question

Have/Has + Sub + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + ?

 Have + you + been + eating + for + 2 hours?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub +have/has + been

 Yes + I + have + been

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + haven’t/hasn’t + been

 No + I + haven’t + been

 

Future simple

What will happen

 อะไรจะเกิดขึ้น

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + will + verb 1 + (time)

 I + will + eat + tonight

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + won’t + verb 1 + (time)

 I + won’t + eat + tonight

 

 

Question

Will + Sub + verb 1 + (time) + ?

 Will + you + eat + tonight?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + will

 Yes + I + will

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + won’t

 No + I + won’t

 

Future perfect simple

What will finish before what/when

 อะไรจะเกิดขึ้นก่อนอะไร/เมื่อไหร่

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + will + have + verb 3 + before + (time)

 I + will + have + eaten + before + 2.30pm

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + won’t + have + verb 3 + before + (time)

 I + won’t + have + eaten + before + 2.30pm

 

 

Question

Will + Sub + have + verb 3 + before + (time) + ?

 Will + you + have + eaten + before + 2.30pm?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + will + have

 Yes + I + will + have

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + won’t + have

 No + I + won’t + have

 

Future continuous

What will when

 อะไรจะเกิดขึ้นเมื่อไหร่  (เน้นว่า เมื่อไหร่ที่จะมีอะไรเกิดขึ้น)

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + will + be + verb 1-ing + (time)

 I + will + be + eating + tonight

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + won’t + be + verb 1-ing + (time)

 I + won’t + be + eating + tonight

 

 

Question

Will + Sub + be + verb 1-ing + (time) + ?

 Will + you + be + eating + tonight?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + will + be

 Yes + I + will + be

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + won’t + be

No + I + won’t + be

 

Future perfect continuous

What will how long before what/when

 อะไรจะเกิดขึ้นไปนานเท่าไหร่ก่อนอะไร/เมื่อไหร่

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + will + have + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + before + (time)

 I + will + have + been + eating + for + 2 hours + before + 6.00pm

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + won’t + have + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + before + (time)

 I + won’t + have + been + eating + for + 2 hours + before + 6.00pm

 

 

Question

Will + Sub + have + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + before + (time) + ?

 Will + you + have + been + eating + for + 2 hours + before + 6.00pm?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + will + have + been

 Yes + I + will + have + been

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + won’t + have + been

 No + I + won’t + have + been

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