5 Past tenses

 

L5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

บทที่ 5 Past tenses

 

Past simple

What happened

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นในอดีต

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + verb 2 + (time)

 I + ate + yesterday                              

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + didn’t + verb 1 + (time)

 I + didn’t + eat + yesterday

 

 

Question

Did + Sub + verb 1 + (time) + ?

 Did + you + eat + yesterday?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + did

 Yes + I + did

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + didn’t

 No + I + didn’t

 

Past perfect simple

What finished before what/when

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นก่อนอะไร/เมื่อไหร่

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + had + verb 3 + before + Sub + verb 2

 I + had + eaten + before + I + played a game

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + hadn’t + verb 3 + before + Sub + verb 2

 I + hadn’t + eaten + before + I + played a game

 

 

Question

Had + Sub + verb 3 + before + Sub + verb 2 + ?

 Had + you + eaten + before + you + played a game?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + had

 Yes + I + had

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + hadn’t

 No + I + hadn’t

 

Past continuous

What when

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นเมื่อไหร่  (เน้นว่า เมื่อไหร่ที่อะไรเกิดขึ้น)

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + was/were + verb 1-ing + when + Sub + verb 2

 I + was + eating + when + a dog + barked

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + wasn’t/weren’t + verb 1-ing + when + Sub + verb 2

 I + wasn’t + eating + when + a dog + barked

 

 

Question

Was/Were + Sub + verb 1-ing + when + Sub + verb 2 + ?

 Were + you + eating + when + a dog + barked?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + was/were

 Yes + I + was

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + wasn’t/weren’t

 No + I + wasn’t

 

Past perfect continuous

What how long before what/when

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นมานานเท่าไหร่ก่อนอะไร/เมื่อไหร่

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + had + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + before + Sub + verb 2

 I + had + been + eating + for + 10 minutes + before + you + called me

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + hadn’t+ been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + before + Sub + verb 2

 I + hadn’t + been + eating + for + 10 minutes + before + you + called me

 

 

Question

Had + Sub + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + before + Sub + verb 2 + ?

 Had + you + been + eating + for + 10 minutes + before + I + called you?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + had + been

 Yes + I + had + been

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + hadn’t + been

 No + I + hadn’t + been

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