6 Present Tenses

 

L6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

บทที่ 6 Present tenses

 

Present simple

What happens regularly / What is fact or truth

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นเป็นประจำ / อะไรที่เป็นข้อเท็จจริงหรือเป็นความจริง

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + verb 1 + (time) ———- He / She / It + verb1(s) + (time)

 I + swim + every day ———- He + swims + every day

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + don’t/doesn’t + verb 1 + (time)

 I + don’t + swim + every day

 

 

Question

Do/Does + Sub + verb 1 + (time) + ?

 Do + you + swim + every day?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub +do/does

 Yes + I + do

 

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + don’t/doesn’t

 No + I + don’t

 

Present perfect simple

What finished in the present

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นมาและจบในปัจจุบัน

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + have/has + verb 3

 I + have + eaten

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + haven’t/hasn’t + verb 3

 I + haven’t + eaten

 

 

Question

Have/has + Sub + verb + ?

 Have + you + eaten + ?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + have/has

 Yes + I + have

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + haven’t/hasn’t

 No + I + haven’t

 

Present continuous

What now / future

 อะไรกำลังเกิดขึ้นอยู่ในปัจจุบัน หรือ อะไรจะเกิดขึ้นในอนาคต

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + am/are/is + verb 1-ing

 I + am + eating

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + am not/aren’t/isn’t + verb 1-ing

 I + am not + eating

 

 

Question

Am/Are/Is + Sub + verb 1-ing + ?

 Are + you + eating?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub + am/are/is

 Yes + I + am

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + am not / aren’t / isn’t

 No + I + am not

 

Present perfect continuous

What how long until present

 อะไรเกิดขึ้นมานานเท่าไหร่ถึงปัจจุบันนี้

 

 

Positive statement

Sub + have/has + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long)

 I + have + been + eating + for + 2 hours

 

 

Negative statement

Sub + haven’t/hasn’t + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long)

 I + haven’t + been + eating + for + 2 hours

 

 

Question

Have/Has + Sub + been + verb 1-ing + for + (how long) + ?

 Have + you + been + eating + for + 2 hours?

 

 

Positive answer

Yes + Sub +have/has + been

 Yes + I + have + been

 

 

Negative answer

No + Sub + haven’t/hasn’t + been

 No + I + haven’t + been

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